President Harry S. Truman, radio address. May 8, 1945
On President Truman’s 61st birthday he announced the surrender of Germany and Victory in Europe, V-E Day.
The Roosevelt Library keeps a namesake file of children who were named after FDR, including the letters sent by the parents to the President. Recently they found out what happened to one little boy, Franklin Roosevelt Delano Green who was born in Virginia in 1933:“My grandfather was an Army Officer in World War I. My three uncles all volunteered and fought in World War II (William Jr. was a Tuskegee Airman), and my father [Franklin Delano Roosevelt Green] volunteered and fought in Korea. After Korea he became an attorney in Philadelphia. He was one of the first African American attorneys to work for the Department of Labor and was a law partner of civil rights pioneer Cecil Moore.”Read the full story of the letters here.
Thanks to the American cracking of Japanese diplomatic code, called “Magic,” Gen. George C. Marshall was able to inform President Roosevelt concerning Japanese troop movements in French Indochina.
The U.S. could not read Japanese military code, however, and thus could not decode plans for the Pearl Harbor attack.
Facing severe shortages in the fight against Nazi Germany, Great Britain’s Prime Minister Winston Churchill appealed to President Franklin Roosevelt to find a way for the United States to continue to aid Britain. Introduced with the patriotic bill number “1776” on January 10, 1941, Congress passed this act following two months of debate and it was signed by President Roosevelt on March 11, 1941. The “Lend-Lease” act met Great Britain’s deep need for supplies yet allowed the United States to prepare for war while remaining officially neutral.
“H.R. 1776 A Bill Further to promote the defense of the United States and for other purposes.” (Lend-Lease Bill) dated January 10, 1941; Records of the U.S. House of Representatives, HR 77A-D13;